In India, 22% decline in maternal mortality ratio

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India has registered major decline of 22% in maternal mortality ratio. The figures show that MMR has dipped from 167 per 1,00,000 live births in 2013 to 130 in 2016. The data also reveals the fact that more women are visiting health care facilities and are pressing for institutional deliveries. As per data nearly 80% women deliver in hospitals but still 20% are left behind. The overall improvement can be attributed to various government initiatives like empowerment of community health workers, free ambulance service, introduction of cash transfer for institutional delivery and labour room protocol. With these figures India’s target of achieving 2030 goal where MMR will be further decreased to 160 per 1,00,000 live births seems to be achievable. However the major target would be to head towards the SDG where MMR will be further reduced to 70. 

In India, 98% children don't receive TB preventive therapy

India is not only facing the highest burden of pediatric tuberculosis but also records a huge gap between children who require preventive therapy and children who actually receive it. As per WHO data, only 1.84% children, aged up to 14 years, in India receive preventive therapy leaving rest of the 98% children at the risk of catching this infection. Preventive therapy is given to those who do not have active TB, but live in contact with the TB infected people and are prone to bacterial infection. Data reveals that in India 3.6 lakh children are in need of preventive therapy out of which only 6,637 (1.84%) received the therapy in 2016. This huge disparity in the preventive therapy has been found to be the largest globally. Overall as per estimates 1.2 lakh children in India are found to be detected with TB. 

 
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Cholera: India's data collection problem

Cholera is a deadly disease. It has killed millions of people worldwide and according to the WHO estimates it still kills 100,000 to 130,000 people every year worldwide. India is one of the worst Cholera hit countries. It has been also the source of cholera pandemic in the world. Yet there is no actual data available about the toll of the disease. Officially India has informed the WHO that there were only 841 cases of Cholera reported in the country in 2016.

Cost of healthcare in India

Out of pocket (OOP) medical expenses make up about 67% of all healthcare costs in India according to NHA estimates and off course forms a major chunk in overall healthcare expenditure while public spending remains low. High OOP for health brings a financial burden on families and discourages people from seeking timely care. Therefore, government needs to pump in more funds to address healthcare needs of people.

Half of India's AIDS deaths in 3 states

An estimated 49000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2016 and more than 31000 till October 2017. Three big states are responsible for maximum number of deaths in India. Approximately, half of AIDS related deaths are confined to Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.  Although, a steady decline has been witnessed over the past four years but new pockets of infections have emerged in Gujarat, Bihar, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is curable and preventable. Yet about 4,80,000 people die every year in India due to TB.  While the Central government is targeting to eliminate TB by 2025, Himachal Pradesh government has set the target for 2023 so that it becomes the first TB free state in the country. However, almost half of TB patients in the state still don’t receive treatment. In 2017, 15,715 TB patients were notified from public sector out of which only 8,487 patients received the treatment, as per Union Health Ministry data.

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